Cologne is a museum city. There are 9 city-owned museums and innumerable museums run by churches or private companies, but the best and most visitedamong these are the Wallraf-Richartz Museum (Paintings from the Middle Ages up to 1900) and the Ludwig Museum (Modern Art), which, together with the Philharmonic Concert Hall, are housed in a modern building between the Cathedral and the Rhine. The Hall of Art and 120 galleries complete the extensive range of facilities offered to the connoisseur of painting and sculpture. It is indeed a feast for the art lover.
The Wallraf-Richartz Museum was named after Ferdinand Franz Wallraf who gave his art collection to the city in 1824, and Johann Heinrich Richartz, who funded the first building in 1977. The works of 20th century art were combined with the private collection of the Ludwig family, and exhibited in the Museum Ludwig, initially located on the upper floors of the Museum. In 1986, the Museum Ludwig moved to its own premises, whereas the Wallraf-Richartz museum itself moved to a brand new building in 2001.
The Römisch-Germanisches Museum (Roman-Germanic Museum) is next to the Cathedral. The museum is constructed around and above the famous Dionysos mosaic, from the 2nd century AD, with a surface of 70m². It offers a vast collection of exhibits from Roman culture on the Rhine. It displays the history of the city from the Paleolithic to the era of Charlemagne. Specialattention is given to the Roman period.